A disease of bones that leads to reduced bone mineral density (BMD) and increased risk of fracture.
Primary type 1: postmenopausal osteoporosis. The form of osteoporosis most common in women after menopause
Primary type 2: senile osteoporosis occurs after age 75 and is seen in both females and males at a ratio of 2:1.
Secondary osteoporosis may arise at any age and affects men and women equally:
chronic predisposing medical problems or disease
prolonged use of medications such as glucocorticoid (anti inflammation steroids hormone)
Osteoporosis Risk Factors
- Women: estrogens deficiency following menopause
- Men: decrease in testosterone levels
- Excess alcohol
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Tobacco smoking
- Malnutrition—low dietary calcium and/or phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, boron, iron, fluoride, copper, vitamins A, K, E and C
- Diets high in animal protein (increased urinary calcium loss from the bones)
- High Ratio of Omega 6 to Omega 3 fatty acids
Anti Osteoporosis: Vitamin K Reduce Fracture
Vitamin K Supplementation in Postmenopausal Women with Osteopenia (ECKO Trial): A Randomized Controlled Trial; PLoSMed. 2008 October; 5(10): 1–12.
Vitamin K2 + D3 Can Improve Bone Mineral Density (BMD)
Effect of continuous combined therapy with vitamin K2 and vitamin D3 on bone mineral density and coagulofibrinolysis function in postmenopausal women; Maturitas 41 (2002) 211–221
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